Removing Rust from Your Gun Without Damaging Its Finish
The key to rust removal from your gun is to remove the oxidation without damaging the finish of your gun. A few simple steps and a bit of time will result in a gun looking as good as new. Those wishing to avoid this problem altogether, might opt for a firearm with a stainless finish or the newer Duracoat finish.
The supplies that you will need to properly remove rust from your gun are basic items that aren't hard to find. There are many products on the market designed specifically for this purchase. You might find them easy and worth the cost. Though if you wish to take care of the problem without pricey products, you can do so with items from your cleaning closet.
The biggest error made in rust removal is the use of an abrasive material that can damage the finish of the gun. Never use materials such as a wire brush or sandpaper. The most effective and safest material to use to remove rust from your gun is a steel wool pad. The finer the wool the better. You can purchase Brillo Pads or even packages of fine steel wool from your local hardware store.
Improper lubrication is the second biggest error in rust removal. You must keep an ample amount of lubrication on the gun during rust removal. Nearly any type of oil will be sufficient. There are many varieties of oil avialable designed especially for firearms. Ordinary "3-in 1" oil is also sufficient. If you are in a pinch, even cooking oil can be a great substitution.
You will need plenty of paper towels and old newspapers. In the absence of those, old rags or towels are acceptable. Just be sure not to use your wifes "good towels". You might end up with bigger issues than rust removal.
Once you have all your supplies, you are ready to begin the rust removal process. Your work area should be steady and sturdy. Spread out the old news papers or towels to catch any debris that may result from the removal of the rust on your gun. A gun vice is a handy tool to have to keep your firearm steady while you are working on it, however it is not vital. Just be sure to place your gun so that it does not move while you are working.
Use the oil to lubricate the areas on the gun that are affected by rust. Apply the oil liberally. Use the steel wool to gently rub the rust away from the surface of the gun. Be careful not to use excessive pressure or to scrub vigorously, as this can damage the finish on the gun. Be certain to keep adding the oil to affected area.
After a few minutes use the paper towels to wipe off the excess oil and debris from the removed rust. This will allow you to see the progress you have made and determine how much more work you will need to do to completely remove the rust. If rust remains, repeat the above process until it is removed.
Once you have finished with the removal, give your gun another coat of lubrication. Be sure to check your firearm periodically while in storage. Once a gun has developed rust it is likely to reappear in the same areas even after removal.
In the event you damage the finish on your gun, you may opt to purchase products designed to "re-blue" your gun. Another option is to take your firearm to a gunsmith. Many simple gun repairs and maintenance can be performed at home and without much cost.